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Direct-indirect speech

Rules

Direct-indirect speech (variantes)

Direct-indirect speech(questions)

Rules

*Rules

direct speech(present)--> indirect speech(past)

ENG:(ds)"i never watch this movie",she explained.
FRA:"je ne regarde jamais ce film",expliqua-t-elle.
ARA:.لا أشاهد هذا الفيلم "، أوضحت / قالت "

ENG:(is)she explained that she never watched this movie.
FRA: elle expliqua qu'elle ne regardais jamais ce film.
ARA:.قالت انها لم تشاهد هذا الفيلم

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direct speech(present continuous)--> indirect speech(past continuous)

(ds)"i am waiting for the bus",he said.
"j'attends le bus",disait-il.
."قال "أنا في انتظار الحافلة

(is)he said he was waiting for the bus.
il disait qu'il attendais le bus.
.قال أنه في انتظار الحافلة

**********
direct speech(perfect)--> indirect speech(pluperfect)

(ds)"i have found the solution",he said.
"j'ai trouvé la solution",disait-il.
."قال "لقد وجدت الحل

(is)he said he had found the solution.
il a dit qu'il avait trouvé la solution.
.قال إنه وجد الحل

**************
direct speech(perfect continuous)--> indirect speech(pluperfect continuous)

(ds)"i have been waiting for ages",she said.
"j'attends depuis une éternité",disait-elle.
."قالت "لقد كنت في الانتظار لمدة طويلة

(is)she said she had been waiting for ages.
elle a dit qu'elle attendais depuis une éternité.
."قالت إنها كانت في الانتظار لمدة طويلة

***********
direct speech(past)--> indirect speech(pluperfect)

(ds)"i bought it",he said.
"je l'ai achetée ",disait-il.
."قال "إشتريتها

(is)he said he had bought it.
il a dit qu'il l'avait achetée .
. قال إنه اشتراها

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direct speech(future)--> indirect speech(conditional present)

(ds)"tom will go to the cinema",he said.
"tom ira au cinema",disait-il.
. "قال "توم سيدهب إلى السينما

(is)he said that tom would go to the cinema.
il a dit que tom irait au cinema.
. قال إن توم سيذهب إلى السينما

**************
direct speech(future continuous)--> indirect speech(conditional present continuous)

(ds)"i will be working tomorrow",he said.
"je travaillerai demain",disait-il.
. "قال "سوف أعمل غدا

(is)he said he would be working next day.
il a dit qu'il travaillerait le lendemain.
. قال انه سيعمل اليوم التالي

*************
*Examples

(ds)"i shall be in cinema", she said .
"je serai au cinema",disait-elle.
(is)she said that she would be in cinema.
elle disait qu'elle serait au cinema.

(ds)"which will you have ?",i asked -"this one" ,she said .
"lequel prendrez-vous ?",demandai-je - "celui-ci" disait-elle.
(is)i asked her which one she would have and she said she would have this one.
je lui demandai lequel elle voulait et elle a dit qu'elle voulait celui-la.

(ds)"i saw them the day before yesterday",he said.
"je les ai vus avant hier" disait-il.
(is)he said that he had seen them two days before.
il disait qu'il les avait vus deux jours auparavant.

(ds)"i will do it tomorrow",he promised.
"je le ferai demain" a-t-il promis
(is)he promised he would do it the next day.
il a promit qu'il le ferait le lendemain.

(ds)"i am starting the day after tomorrow ,father",he said.
"je commence après demain ,papa" disait-il.
(is)he told his father that he was starting in two days' time.
il disait a son père qu'il commençait deux jours plus tard.

(ds)"my friend died a year ago",he said.
"mon ami est mort il y a un an" disait-il.
(is)he said that his friend had died a year before/the previous year.
il a dit que son ami était mort un an auparavant/l'année précédente.

(ds)"i will be ready today",he said this morning.
"je serai prêt aujourd'hui" disait-il ce matin.
(is)this morning he said that he would be ready today.
ce matin il a dit qu'il serait prêt aujourd'hui.

(ds)"i will be ready today",he said .
"je serai prêt aujourd'hui" disait-il .
(is) he said that he would be ready that day.
il a dit qu'il serait prêt ce jour-là.

(ds)"i will be again at the meeting tomorow",he said .
"je serai à nouveau dans la réunion demain" disait-il .
(is)he said he would be again at the meeting the following day.
il a dit qu'il serait à nouveau dans la réunion le lendemain.

(ds)"i will not give you this book" tom said.
"je ne vous donnerez pas ce livre" disait tom .
(is)tom refused to give him this book.
tom a refusé de lui donner ce livre.

(ds)ann said" would you wait ten minutes,tom",-"all right" tom answered.
ann disait" voulez-vous attendre dix minutes ,tom" -"d'accord" repondait tom .
(is)tom answered that he would wait (tom agreed to wait).
tom a repondu qu'il attenderait (tom accepta d'attendre).

(ds)"i will help you if you like" tom said.
"je t'aiderai si tu veux" disait tom .
(is)tom offered that he would help her(tom offered to help her).
tom a offert qu'il l'aiderais ( tom a offert de l'aider).

(ds)"i will pay you back next week.really i will" tom said.
"je te rembourserai la semaine prochaine .c'est sûr" promit tom .
(is)tom promised that he would pay me back the following week(tom promised to pay me back the following week).
tom promit qu'il me rembourserais la semaine suivante( tom promit de me rembourser la semaine prochaine).

(ds)"if you don't pay the ransom at once we will kill your family",kidnappers said .
"si vous ne versez pas la rançon immédiatement nous tuerons votre famille",disaient les ravisseurs.
(is)the kidnappers threatened to kill his family if he didn't pay the ransom at once.
les ravisseurs ont menacé de tuer sa famille s'il ne versait pas immédiatement la rançon.
(is)the kidnappers threatened that they would kill his family if he didn't pay the ransom at once.
les ravisseurs ont menacé qu'ils tueraient sa famille s'il ne versait pas immédiatement la rançon.




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